Take good care that all residue has been removed, as it can irritate the skin and act as a magnet for dirt. Plain water is fine unless her face is very dirty—in which case, we recommend using an extra-diluted solution of shampoo, being very cautious around her ears and eyes. Wrap your cat in a large towel and dry her with it in a warm place , away from drafts. If your pet has long hair, you may need to carefully untangle her fur with a wide-toothed comb.
Reward your cat with endless praise—and her favorite treat—for a successful bathing session. Work along the lie of her fur, brushing in the direction the coat grows. Brush all over her body, including her chest and abdomen, concentrating on one section at a time to remove dead hair and tangles. A rubber brush can be especially effective for removing dead hair on cats with short fur. For long - haired cats: Long-haired cats who live indoors shed throughout the year and need grooming sessions every few days to remove dead hair and prevent tangles.
Start with her abdomen and legs, gently combing the fur upward toward her head. Comb the neck fur upward, toward her chin. Make a part down the middle of her tail and gently brush out the fur on either side. You can sprinkle talcum powder over knots and gently use your fingers to tease them apart. Check for ticks and flea dirt, black specks of dried blood left behind by fleas. Sneak a peek under her tail to check for feces attached to the fur that may need to be snipped away with scissors.
If, despite regular brushing, your cat continues to suffer from hairballs, there are several remedies available. Please ask your vet to recommend a solution. Lesions are most commonly seen on the head, ears and paws, but sometimes no signs are seen. Fleas: Not only do fleas irritate the skin, cats can have an allergic response when exposed to them. Symptoms commonly include excessive scratching, thinning of hair above the base of the tail, crusts and red, raised skin lesions. Some cats may also be sensitive to flea-treatment products; certain flea collars, for example, may cause redness and irritation around the neck.
Other external parasites: Ear mites usually cause itching and redness around the ears, and a dark, coffee ground-like material can be seen in the ear canals. Lice can produce intense itching, and mange mites can cause severe flaking and scaling.
Seasonal changes: Many cats, like people, get dry, flaky skin in the winter. Environmental factors: Contact with certain chemicals or fabrics can cause skin irritation, as can exposure to the sun or excessive cold.
Bacterial or yeast infections: These infections most commonly follow the onset of another skin disorder. Tumors: A variety of benign and malignant skin growths can develop in cats. Stress: Anxiety may cause cats to excessively lick and chew, causing hair loss. To Prevent Skin Problems Use natural, hypoallergenic soaps and shampoos recommended for use on cats. Brush your cat regularly to prevent matting of hair.
Tigers are the largest of the cat species , and unlike domestic cats, they enjoy spending time in the water. To determine if you currently have a Cu accumulation problem in your soil, or to identify a developing accumulation, request an analysis for diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid DTPA extractable Cu every two to three years from an accredited soil testing laboratory. Mysterious Places Unsolved! Thank you. Just like people, some dogs get stinky faster than others. How often do you bathe your pooch? Photo courtesy Jim Ippolito.
Feed your cat a healthy, balanced food without fillers or artificial ingredients. Implement a flea-treatment program recommended by your veterinarian. Thoroughly clean and vacuum your home and remember to always throw away the bag. Provide calm living conditions for your cat. To Treat Skin Problems Ask your vet about the following treatments: Topical products, including shampoos, dips and sprays, to prevent and treat parasites A balanced diet to help maintain healthy skin and coat Antibiotic or antifungal medications A dietary supplement containing essential fatty acids Corticosteroids and antihistamines may be prescribed to control itching.
Hypoallergenic diet for food allergies. Expand to read more A variety of medical, dietary and stress-related issues can cause your cat to lose more hair than is normal. If your cat sheds a lot and your veterinarian has determined that there is no underlying medical cause, there are a few things you can do to minimize his hair loss: Feed him a healthy, balanced diet.
Groom him regularly. Expand to read more Outer Ear Check A healthy feline ear flap, or pinna, has a layer of hair on its outer surface with no bald spots, and its inner surface is clean and light pink. Inner Ear Exam Bring kitty into a quiet room where there are no other pets.
Ear Cleaning Place a little bit of liquid ear cleaner ask your vet for a recommendation onto a clean cotton ball or piece of gauze.
Lift away the dirt and wax rather than rubbing it into the ear. Persistent scratching and pawing of the ear area Sensitivity to touch Head tilting or shaking Loss of balance and disorientation Redness or swelling of the ear flap or canal Unpleasant odor Black or yellowish discharge Accumulation of dark brown wax Hearing loss Bleeding Know Your Ear Disorders Ear mites are common parasites that are highly contagious among pets.
Telltale signs include excessive itching of the ears and debris that resembles coffee grounds. Ear infections are usually caused by bacteria, yeast or foreign debris caught in the ear canal. Treatment should be sought immediately as ear infections can cause considerable discomfort and may indicate allergies, hormonal abnormalities or hereditary disease. Blood blisters hematoma are the result of blood accumulation in the ear flap.
Aside from causing pain, unhealthy substances that stick to her feet may end up on her tongue during grooming. Cats are natural explorers who sometimes get into foreign places. Remove splinters or debris gently with tweezers and clean any small cuts. If you notice any blood, pus or an unusual odor, please take your cat to the vet to check for infection. Long-haired kitties may have hair sprouting in between their toes.
If you notice your cat obsessively cleaning her paws, limping or favoring one leg, please investigate —she might require veterinary attention. Expand to read more Choose a chair in a quiet room where you can comfortably sit your cat on your lap. Your cat should be at ease with the sound of the clippers before you attempt to trim her nails. Sit her on your lap, put a piece of uncooked spaghetti into the clippers and hold them near your cat.
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If she sniffs the clippers, set a treat on top of them for her to eat. Now release her toe and quickly give her a treat.
Do NOT cut this sensitive area. Snip only the white part of the claw. If you do accidentally cut the quick, any bleeding can be stopped with a styptic powder or stick. With your cat in your lap facing away from you, take one of her toes in your hand, massage and press the pad until the nail extends.
Then, reward her with a special treat. A nail-trimming every ten days to two weeks is recommended. If your cat refuses to let you clip her claws, ask your vet or a groomer for help. Do NOT declaw your cat. With your cat facing you, gently push back his lips and take a look. The gums should be firm and pink, not white or red, and should show no signs of swelling. The teeth should be clean and free of any brownish tartar, and none should be loose or broken. If left untreated, gum disease can develop, possibly leading to tooth loss or inability to eat Inflammation may also point to an internal problem like kidney disease or Feline Immunodeficiency Virus.
This can harden into tartar, possibly causing gingivitis, receding gums and tooth loss. You can also use salt and water. Ask your vet to suggest the brushing supplies that he trusts, and be sure never to use toothpaste designed for people—the ingredients can be unhealthy for your cat. Start by gently massaging her gums with your fingers or touching a cotton swab to them.
Every day we feature a different reptile or amphibian. This talk may be held inside the Reptile House or just outside. Just look for the Keeper Talk sign to see which scaly or non-scaly friend you'll meet today! Find out more about our white rhinos from keepers who care for them each day. Get the facts about rhinos in the wild and how you can help save them.