Betrayal: a psychological analysis.
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Most of their victims are dead and their houses decimated. Characters who started off as meek and mild-mannered have changed their tune, driven by revenge or power. By the end of the seventh season, many characters had betrayed others at least as many times as they had been betrayed. But why?

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What motives drive them to turn on their own people? The majority of characters who betray their allies do it to gain power, followed by revenge.

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The infographic below shows the relationship between the betrayer and the betrayed, and their reason for treachery. Who knows how many betrayals we can expect to get in the eight season of Game of Thrones?

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Soon the three are tangled in a web of betrayals that threatens their uneasy equilibrium and is pushing them toward a hard choice: either they fulfill their destinies by trusting each other and staying true to their real bonds, or they succumb to the extraordinary forces trying to win an eternal war by tearing them apart. It is another thing to leave that career in the NFL and return to the team's biggest division foes in the Alabama Crimson Tide. Fluff: We'll just go on to Zanzibar to get them. You should take a long look at his ugly mug this morning. Dictionary Entries near betrayal Betoyan betrample betray betrayal betrayed betray nothing betray someone's friendship. No album has ever touched me emotionally like this album has.

We then recorded the acts and categorized them by perpetrator the one who committed the act of betrayal and victim the one who was betrayed , the relationship between both characters, and the motive behind the betrayal. So we wanted to give you a chance to make a mind map of your own!

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Mind maps allow you to plot out ideas visually. In fact, with Venngage, making a mind map is easy! Mind maps typically use a radial structure, meaning information branches outwards from one or several central topic into subtopics. The characters with bigger circles have been involved in more betrayals and the character with smaller circles have been involved in less betrayals.

The connecting arrows with thicker lines represent that the betrayals had a higher impact on the plot, while the dashed lines represent that a betrayal was implied. An easy way to help distinguish between topics is by pairing each topic with an icon , by numbering each topic, or by assigning each topic a color. In our Game of Thrones infographic, we color-coded each character so that it was easier to distinguish which betrayals were linked to them. This reaction involves positive feelings toward the captors. Stockholm syndrome is a term applied to the special case of those feelings developing after a hostage take-over, as when an individual or group is kidnapped and held for a ransom.

From a theoretical perspective the Stockholm Syndrome reaction may possibly be understood as a special kind of betrayal trauma. The unusual aspect of Stockholm syndrome compared with most betrayal trauma situations is that the strong emotional attachment occurs after the abduction and without the pre-existing context of an enduring caretaker or trusting relationship.

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It is usually considered that for Stockholm Syndrome to occur the captors must show a certain amount of kindness or at least lack of cruelty toward the hostages. From a betrayal trauma perspective the most important elements of predicting Stockholm syndrome would not be kindness per se, but rather caretaking behavior on the part of the captors and an implicit or explicit belief on the part of the victims that survival depends upon the captors.

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Thus the victims would have to experience the captors as a source of caretaking and as necessary for survival in order to develop the emotional attachment necessary to create a betrayal trauma. Once the captors are experienced as necessary caretakers, a process much like that in infancy could occur, such that the victims have a good reason for attaching to the captors and thus eliciting caretaking behaviors.

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betrayal definition: 1. an act of betraying someone or something, or the fact of someone or something being betrayed: 2. the act of not being loyal when other. Define betrayals. betrayals synonyms, betrayals pronunciation, betrayals translation, English dictionary definition of betrayals. tr.v. be·trayed, be·tray·ing.

At that point a certain amount of reality distortion might be beneficial to the victims such that seeing the captors in a positive light might support an adaptive response to their predicament. This theoretical possibility leads to an empirical prediction that remains to be tested. Anecdotal support for the premise that features of dependence and survival are at the heart of the development of Stockholm Syndrome can be found in an FBI on-line article about Stockholm Syndrome:. Some experts say that the hostage regresses to, perhaps, a state of infancy; the captive must cry for food, remain silent, and exist in an extreme state of dependence.

The victim then begins a struggle for survival, both relying on and identifying with the captor.

It is important to note that Stockholm syndrome is rare, whereas betrayal trauma events and reactions are, unfortunately, fairly common. Nonetheless, Stockholm syndrome might prove to be a useful extreme boundary condition for investigation of betrayal trauma theory, while at the same time betrayal trauma theory might provide useful insight into behavior of hostages that is otherwise considered paradoxical. Betrayal blindness is the unawareness, not-knowing, and forgetting exhibited by people towards betrayal Freyd, , Also, see this page about betrayal blindness and institutional betrayal and Eileen Zurbriggen's essay on Betrayal Trauma in the Election.

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This topic is further developed in our new book in press. In addition to implicit motivations for not-knowing that the betrayed person may have in order to maintain a relationship, the victim may have other reasons for not-knowing and silence. At least one such reason is demands for silence from the perpetrator and others family, society. Experiences that have never been shared with anyone else may a different internal structure than shared experiences see What is Shareability?

What is a Betrayal Trauma?

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What is Betrayal Trauma Theory? She cursed the Romans and killed herself. This was a betrayal of hospitality. When Paris visited Menelaus, he became enamored of the woman Aphrodite had promised him, Menelaus' wife, Helen. Whether Helen was in love with him, as well, is unknown. Paris left Menelaus' palace with Helen in tow. To regain Menelaus' stolen wife, his brother Agamemnon led the Greek troops to war against Troy. Crafty Odysseus used trickery to get away from Polyphemus.

When Polyphemus' brothers heard him roaring with pain, they asked who was hurting him. He answered, "nobody," since that was the name Odysseus had given him. The cyclops brothers went away, mildly puzzled, and so Odysseus and his surviving followers, clinging to the under-bellies of Polyphemus' sheep, were able to escape.

Share Flipboard Email. Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer. She has a master's degree in linguistics and is a former Latin teacher. Updated September 03,

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